Humanities Institutions and GLAM (Gallery, Library, Archives, and Museum)

National Museum of Japanese History

URL:http://www.rekihaku.ac.jp/english/

The National Museum of Japanese History collects and preserves materials concerning Japanese history from prehistory days to the present. Its collection includes historical documents, archaeological discoveries, and folklore materials. It is known for creating precise reproductions of Shosoin documents. It constitutes a research institute organisation, NIHU, with other research institutions.

National Institute of Japanese Literature

URL:http://www.nijl.ac.jp/index_e.html

The National Institute of Japanese Literature is a research institution for Japanese classical literature. Similar to other institutions part of the NIHU, the institute collects and documents materials relevant to its mission nationwide. The institute provides resources including edited texts and bibliographic data regarding Japanese classical literature, ranging from literary works to performances, noble to humble, antiquity to the pre-modern era (some are listed below).

National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics

URL:http://www.ninjal.ac.jp/english/index.html

The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics is the only national institution devoted to this kind of research. The institute offers online resources including historical and contemporary written and spontaneous corpora, bibliographic data for Japanese linguistics and language education, and dialectological maps (some are listed below)

International Research Center for Japanese Studies

URL:http://www.nichibun.ac.jp/en/

The International Research Center for Japanese Studies aims at supporting international researches on Japanese culture and history. The centre also promotes collaborative researches, and Japanese researches outside Japan. To this end, the centre provides an extensive number of databases for Japanese culture in a broader sense, some of which are listed below.

Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

URL:http://www.chikyu.ac.jp/rihn_e/index.html

The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature is an organization for studying how human should interact with earth’s environment. With a per-project framework, studies have been conducted for various regions across the world. In addition, the network-based repository has been disclosed as a database.

National Museum of Ethnology

URL:http://www.minpaku.ac.jp/english/

The National Museum of Ethnology is a research institution as well as an ethnology and anthropology museum. It collects everyday objects from all over the world, including sound and visual recordings. The museum provides databases from their collections and research outputs: the latter includes photo databases, bibliography, and lexicons (some are listed below).

Tokyo National Museum

URL:http://www.tnm.jp/?lang=en/

Tokyo National Museum is the oldest national museum in Japan. With a focus on Japan, the museum collects culturally and archaeologically important artefacts from Asia. The museum engages in the preservation and exhibition of its collection. Works recognised as important cultural properties and national treasures in the collection, with other National Museums, are exhibited in eKokuhou; also, several hundred other outstanding works are featured on their website.

Kyoto National Museum

URL:http://www.kyohaku.go.jp/eng/

Kyoto National Museum focuses on pre-modern Japan and Asian art, including fine arts, crafts, and archaeological materials. The majority of the collection had been kept in houses, shrines, and temples in and near Kyoto-which was the capital of Japan for a thousand years. Its online collection includes photography and descriptions of some of the museum's masterpieces. The Museum Dictionary offers some basic knowledge to assist visitors to appreciate its collection.

Nara National Museum

URL:http://www.narahaku.go.jp/english/index_e.html

Reflecting more than a thousand years of the area's Buddhist culture, the Nara National Museum collects artefacts with a focus on Japanese Buddhist culture. The website offers a brief description of all its masterpieces.

Kyushu National Museum

URL:http://www.kyuhaku.com/

As the youngest member of the four national cultural museums, Kyushu National Museum places emphasis on cultural exchanges with other Asian countries. Its collection includes artefacts representing the cultural history of Japan as well as other Asian countries. Its digital archive appears to offer images of important cultural properties and items on exhibition.

National Museum of Western Art

URL:http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/

The National Museum of Western Art is devoted to presenting Western art to Japanese people. While the museum displays art from the Renaissance to the modern era, reflecting its founding collection, its focus is on French impressionist paintings.

The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo

URL:http://www.momat.go.jp/english/

The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo comprehensively collects, preserves, and exhibits Japanese modern art, crafts, and films. It also exhibits works by foreign artists.

The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto

URL:http://www.momak.go.jp/English/

Founded as a branch of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, the National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, highlights works of modern and contemporary regional artists from Kyoto and neighbouring regions, as well as other Japanese and Euro-American artists.

The National Museum of Art, Osaka

URL:http://www.nmao.go.jp/en/

Originally established as the Expo Museum of Fine Arts at Expo '70, the National Museum of Art, Osaka showcases contemporary fine arts. Its collection consists of prints (including graphic design works such as posters), paintings, photographs, and sculptures.

National Diet Library

URL:http://www.ndl.go.jp/en/index.html

The National Diet Library serves the Japanese Diet in legislation; it is also Japan's only national library. Inherited from the former national and legal deposit library, the Imperial Library, the library holds most works published since its establishment in the year 1872. It is known for its extensive collection of old and rare books, political documents concerning the establishment of the Constitution, and historical recordings.

National Archives of Japan

URL:http://www.archives.go.jp/english/

The National Archives of Japan preserves governmental documents and historical records. It has also inherited the library of the Edo shogunate. Its digital library offers a catalogue of range of documents, old and rare books, drawings, photographs, and maps.

Diplomatic Archives, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

URL:http://www.mofa.go.jp/about/hq/record/

The Diplomatic Archives, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs preserves diplomatic documents from the end of the shogunate era to the present day. It comprises documents, communications between overseas missions and the ministry, treaties, and letters written by heads of state.

Shosoin, the Imperial Household Agency

URL:http://shosoin.kunaicho.go.jp/en-US

Founded in 756 as the original treasure house of Todaiji temple, Shosoin stores artefacts and documents from that time. It was later transferred to the Imperial Household Agency, along with the Buddhist canon scrolls stored in a sub-temple of the temple. Its website offers categorised descriptive catalogue of holdings. While each category is linked under the heading of 'usage', actually no usage is provided.

Sannomaru Shozokan, the Imperial Household Agency

URL:http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e-culture/sannomaru/sannomaru.html

Sannnomaru Shozokan, or Museum of the Imperial Collections, displays gifts from the Imperial house's collection. The collection mainly comprises paintings, calligraphy art, and sculptures. Its masterpieces represent the richness of the Imperial house collection.

The Japanese Council of Art Museums

URL:http://www.zenbi.jp/index_en.php

The Japanese Council of Art Museums supports its member institutions through organising lectures, study groups, and annual meetings. Its members include national, public, and private art museums. They also offer a directory for art museums in Japan through the following link: "http://www.zenbi.jp/link.php".

Japanese Association of Museums

URL:https://www.j-muse.or.jp/en/index.php

The Japanese Association of Museums is an organisation for all types of museums as well as zoological parks, aquariums, and the like. The English version of their website includes a directory of their members. English descriptions are provided for each member, in varying levels of detail.

Japan Library Association

URL:http://www.jla.or.jp/english/tabid/77/Default.aspx

The Japan Library Association is a centre for Japanese libraries and librarians, which consists of local governmental, academic, school, and special libraries. It offers a brief directory of member libraries and statistics of libraries (up-to-date and comprehensive versions are provided in Japanese).